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Fossil Fuels Essay IELTS: Latest Writing Task 2 Samples

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IELTS essay topic for writing task 2 is usually based on a prevalent theme that does not require any special knowledge from the exam taker. These topics are often talked about in the average aspirant’s day-to-day life. One such theme is the use of alternative sources of energy in place of non-renewable resources like fossil fuels. In this article, we share some constructive tips to help you write a better score for Fossil Fuels Essay IELTS.

While this topic is general and can have many points based on which an aspirant can write down a good essay, the way to score marks in the IELTS writing task is to keep in mind a suitable format for the essay, brainstorm good points, and make use of excellent grammar and vocabulary.

fossil fuels essay ielts

Tips to Write a High Band Score IELTS Fossil Fuels Essay

All IELTS aspirants should try to use the below-mentioned tips and tricks to come up with an essay that leaves a great impression on their examiner. Use your time wisely so that you have enough time to brainstorm ideas for the essay before you start writing, and also so that you have some time after completing to proofread. By creating a mind map in the initial five to seven minutes of task 2, you will be able to reduce the time it will take you to churn out good ideas while writing. By proofreading in the last five minutes, you can be sure that you haven’t made any spelling or grammar mistakes and have written a relevant answer to the question posed. Whenever possible, stick to a four-paragraph format. When no format comes to your mind, it is always safe to stick to a four-paragraph format that has one introduction, then a body, followed by another body, and lastly, a conclusion. In body one and body two, you should talk about the main points of your essay (advantages and drawbacks, problems and solutions, etc.). Always give relevant examples in your IELTS essay writing task 2. This cannot be stressed enough. A model answer for task 2 of the writing section will always have good examples in body 1 and body 2 (or the paragraph where the main points are discussed), from India or examples from other countries. Lastly, practice practice practice! The only key to getting a high band score in the otherwise believed to be a ‘tougher section than most sections in IELTS’ is to practice as many writing tasks as possible by reading up on the internet. You should figure out some common themes and then read up as many model answers on it as possible. You can also take online classes for improving your writing skills for IELTS.

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Fossil Fuels Essay IELTS: Latest Writing Task 2 Samples

Here are two sample answers that are based on the topic of fossil fuels and talk about renewable sources of energy as being forces of positive development for mother nature.

Sample Answers on Fossil Fuels Essay IELTS

IELTS Fossil Fuels Question – Fossil fuels like coal, gas, and oil are the primary sources of energy for most countries. However, there are alternative energy sources like wind power and solar energy that have been encouraged for use by some countries. To what extent is this a negative or a positive advancement? Write a minimum of 250 words. The time taken for this task should be about 40 minutes.

  • Sample Answer 1

In recent years there has been a slow shift toward the adoption of more eco-friendly sources of green energy by some mindful countries who want to contribute to tackling the looming danger of climate change and global warming. However, many countries still continue to rely on fossil fuels as the primary source of energy for meeting all their power needs. The use of cleaner energy sources like wind energy, solar energy and hydropower is definitely a positive development for the world and far outweighs the disadvantages of relying on green and more clean natural sources. Most environmental problems are the direct cause of surging carbon emissions caused by fossil fuels being used as a primary source of energy in most countries. Ozone layer depletion and rising levels of carbon dioxide leading to bad air quality bearing detrimental effects on health are two of the most common cons of using crude oil and petrol. Realising this fact, many countries like Japan and USA have pledged to reduce their carbon emissions and move towards the global goal of net-zero by making the shift and replacing non-renewable energy sources with more sustainable sources. There are, however, some critics who argue that the reliability of solar panels and windmills is very low as compared to the energy generated by fossil fuels. This is to some extent true, but with ongoing research and development in the field, many technological solutions are coming up that get closer to supplying round-the-clock-green power. For instance, many organisations have achieved net-zero emissions by opting for more advanced green solutions. Therefore, rather than being critics and continuing on the path to further advance global warming, countries should switch to being optimists and should make the conscious decision of going green for the greater (and their own) good.

  • Sample Answer 2

The use of coal, crude oil and petrol as primary sources of energy can easily spell ‘increasing global warming’ for any informed citizen of today’s world. Some countries have come to their senses by pivoting toward green energy for their power needs, but there still continue to be a majority of nations who are still not making an effort towards adopting cleaner energy sources that have been so graciously provided to us by mother nature. While it is clear that the way to a sustainable future is by opting for renewable sources, there are some challenges that can slow down the manifestation of a green future by sparking heated debates over the negatives of going green. The power reliability of renewable sources like wind and solar is relatively low as compared to fossil fuels. Depending heavily on natural factors like rain, wind, and sunlight, the power supply is usually more during some times and close to none during others. So, it becomes more suitable for people who observe fragmented power demand during the day. For instance, schools and other educational institutes can opt for solar energy because they essentially function during the day when the sun shines bright, and the solar panels are producing energy. However, that may not be a good fit for a shopping mall. Moreover, the installation cost of green energy sources is no child’s play and can burn a hole in anyone’s pocket. The large equipment along with the space needed for installing solar panels and windmills are causes of concern for businesses and countries willing to go green.


There are some significant disadvantages of going green when it comes to the power supply and the prerequisite resources that countries and smaller units within them should have when they decide to switch to renewable energy. Nonetheless, by providing enough financial aid and other resources, the country’s government should start helping its people in going green as soon as possible because the pros will always outweigh the cons when switching to a healthier energy option.

fossil fuels essay ielts

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What kind of IELTS Writing Task 2 questions can be expected from fossil fuels?

Ans. The question can be either descriptive, where you may not give your opinion, or it may be opinion based where you have to write the essay in a way that clearly shows your stand.

2. What are the three advantages of using fossil fuels?

Ans. Lower costs, high power reliability, and easy availability are some advantages of fossil fuels in the short run.

3. What is a fossil fuel essay?

Ans. The fossil fuel essay in IELTS can be a very common theme. This question can ask about positives and negatives.

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Manisha Angre

Experienced IELTS prep trainer and education management industry veteran. Specializes in public speaking, international education, market research, mentoring, and management.

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