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Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Answers: IELTS Reading Practice Test

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Updated on Jul 11, 2024, 09:45

In the IELTS Reading section, three passages centred on stealth forces in weight loss test your ability to comprehend complex topics. Each passage is accompanied by questions in formats such as multiple choice, matching headings, and True/False/Not Given. Lasting 60 minutes, this segment challenges you to grasp critical information, discern main ideas, and infer implications effectively.

 

To excel in the IELTS Reading section, employ effective strategies such as skimming to identify key themes like hidden factors affecting weight loss and scientific insights into metabolism and scanning for specific details such as dietary habits or research findings on calorie intake. Regular practice with sample questions and exposure to diverse question types will refine your skills for test day.

 

Prepare for an insightful exploration of "Stealth Forces in Weight Loss: Reading Answers," which delves into the subtle factors that influence weight management. Explore how sleep patterns, stress levels, and hormonal balances can impact weight loss efforts. Understand the psychological theories behind eating behaviours and the scientific evidence supporting various weight loss strategies, from dietary adjustments to advanced technologies like metabolic tracking and personalised nutrition plans.


 

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1. Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Passage

You should spend approximately 20 minutes answering Questions 1 - 14 based on the Reading Passage below. This approach can help manage time effectively during a reading comprehension activity or exam. 

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2. Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Answers & Questions

Discover exciting and informative IELTS reading answers about Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Question & Answers

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1.

Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Passage

General Information

  • Read Instructions: Understand each question before answering.
  • Manage Time: Spend about 20 minutes per passage.
  • Skim and Scan: Quickly get the main idea and find specific information.
  • Highlight Key Info: Underline essential words or phrases.
  • Answer All Questions: Attempt every question; no penalty for wrong answers.
  • Stay Focused: Avoid distractions and keep your attention on the task.
  • Check Spelling: Ensure correct spelling and grammar.
  • Transfer Answers Clearly: Write answers neatly on the answer sheet.
  • Don’t Dwell: Move on if stuck and return later.
  • Review: If time allows, review your answers.

 

 

Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Passage 

 

 

Paragraph A 


The numerous findings by public health experts, medical practitioner, psychologists, biologist, molecular biologists, and nutritionists are about comparable an ivory is to its tail, few say fatness is largely preset by our genes and biology; others attribute it to a plethora of fries, screen-sucking, and soda; still others think that we’re fat because of viral infection, insulin, or the anabolism conditions we run into in the womb. Robert Berkowitz says, “Everyone subscribes to their own little theory,” medical director of the Nucleus of weight and Eating Disorders at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. We’re planning to hang onto the fat we have, and some people are biased to create and carry more fat than others. Diet and exercise help, but in conclusion, the result will naturally be more complex than pushing away the plate and going for a walk. Nikhil Dhurandhar says, “It’s not as easy as ‘you’re fat because you’re lazy,” an educationalist at Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge. “Willpower is not a right of thin people. It’s given out equally.”

 

Paragraph B

 

Science may nonetheless be years away from offering us a mystery formula for fat loss. The satiety hormone is a pivotal player in the brain’s weight- handling circuitry. Some people make too little leptos; others become deaden to it. And when fat people lose weight, their leptos levels plunge together with their metabolism. The body becomes well organized at using fuel and preserving fat, which assembles it tough to keep the weight off. Fat dieters’ bodies go into a condition of craving, a feeling Rudolph Leibel, an obesity researcher at Columbia University, contrasts to thirst. “Some people might be capable of abiding chronic thirst, but the plurality couldn’t stand it,” says Leible. “Is that an observable issue of a lack of willpower? I don’t think so.  

 

Paragraph C

 

The government has greatly espoused moderate every day exercise-of the evening-walk or take-the-stairs variety- but that may not do much to move the needle on the scale. A 150-pound person buries only 150 calories on a 30 minute walk, the parallel of 2 apples. It’s good for the heart, less so for the gut. Deirdre Barrett says, “Radical changes are necessary,” a psychologist at Harvard Medical School and author of Wasteland. “People don’t reduce weight by selecting the small fries or taking a little walk twice a day,” Barrett recommend taking a signal from the members of the National Weight Control Registry (NWCR), a self- category of more than 5,000 triumphant weight-losers who have hut an average of 66 pounds and kept it off 5.5 years. Some record members lost weight using low-carb diets; some went low-fat; others avoided refined foods. Some did it on their own; others depended on consulting. That said, not everybody can lose 66 pounds and not everybody requires it. The goal shouldn’t be getting thin, but becoming healthy. It’s sufficient to pare your weight down to the low end of your set range, says Jeffrey Friedman, a geneticist at RockefellerUniversity. Losing even 10 pounds enormously lessens your risk of diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. The point is to not relinquish as you don’t look like a bikini model.  

 

Paragraph D

 

The discussion between your genes and the habitat begins on day one. Your ideal weight, written by genes, comes out  to get checked early on by conditions even before birth, inside the womb. If a woman has hyperglycemia while she’s pregnant, her children are more probable to be obese, according to a research of nearly 10,000 mother-child pairs. Maternal diabetes may clout a child’s fat risk through an action called metabolic imprinting, says Teresa Hillier, an endocrinologist with Kaiser Permanente's Center for Health Research and the study’s lead author. The  suggestion is clear: weight may be entrenched very early on, and obese largely moves from mother to child.  Various studies in both animals and humans have manifest that a mother’s obese straightaway increases her child’s risk for obese. The best guidance for moms-to-be: Get fit before you get pregnant. You’ll lessen your risk of difficulty during gestation and increase your chance of having a normal- weight child. 

 

Paragraph E


It’s the $64,000 question: which diets work? It got people amazed: Isn’t there a finer way to diet? A study looked to give an answer. The paper contrasts two groups of adults: those who, after eating, buried maximum levels of insulin, a hormone that sweeps blood sugar out of the  blood circulation and encourages its depot as fat, and those who buried less. Within every group, half were slip on a low-fat diet and half on a low-glycemic-load diet. On average, the low-insulin-buring category got the same on both diets, losing almost 10 pounds in the first six months- but they built up about half of it back by the end of the 18-month study. The high-insulin category didn’t do as well on the low-obese plan, losing about 4.5 pounds, and built up back more than half by the end. But the most victorious were the high-insulin- secretors on the low-glycemic-load diet. They lost almost 13 pounds and fend off.

 

Paragraph F


What if your fat is prompted not by diet or genes, but by germs-say, a virus? It sounds like a sci-fi scary movie, but analysts recommend some proportions of the fat plague may be a priori to infection by common viruses, says Dhurandhar. The idea of “ infobesity” came to him 2 decades ago when he was a young doctor therapeutic obesity in Bombay. He identified that a local avian virus, SMAM-1, caused chickens to die, affected with organ harm but also, weirdly, with lots of belly fat. In a test, Dhurandhar found that SMAM-1-infected chickens became fat on the same diet as aseptic ones, which stayed slender. 

 

Paragraph G


Afterwards he moved to the U.S. and onto an actual human virus, adenovirus 36 (AD-36). In the lab, each kind of animal Dhurandhar infected with the virus became fat-chicken  got obese, mice got fat, even rhesus monkeys at the zoo that gather the virus from the habitat suddenly gained 15 percent of their body weight upon subjection. In his latest analysis, Dhurandhar has detached a gene that, when blocked from conveying itself, looks to extinguish the virus’s fatty power. Stem cells take out from fat cells and then reveal to AD-36 accurately blossom into fat cells- but when stem cells are revealed to an AD-36 virus with the key gene constraint, the stem cells don’t contrast. The gene comes out to be obligatory and enough to activate AD-36 related fat, and the goal is to use the analyst to create a type of fat vaccine. 

 

2.

Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Answers & Questions

Discover exciting and informative IELTS reading answers about Stealth Forces in Weight Loss 

Questions and Answers 1-5
  • Reading Passage has five sections: A-G.
  • Choose Which section contains the following information? Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.

 

 

1. evaluation on the effect of weight loss on different kinds of diets

2. an example of research that includes relatives of participants.

3. Examples of a group of people who never regain weight immediately after.

4. long term hunger may appear to be acceptable to most of the participants while losing weight

5. a continuous experiment may lead to a practical application besides diet or hereditary resort.

 

 

Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Answers with Explanations (1-5)

 

Question Type:  Matching Information

 

Matching Information questions in the IELTS Reading test require you to find specific details within a passage and match them to the appropriate paragraph. These questions test your ability to locate and understand specific information quickly. You will be given a list of statements and asked to identify the paragraph (labeled A, B, C, etc.) in which each piece of information is found.

 

How to best answer the question:

 

  • Quickly skim through the passage to get a general idea of the content and structure. 
  • Read the statements carefully. Underline or highlight key terms or phrases that will help you identify the relevant information in the passage.
  • Go through each paragraph systematically and match it with the statement that best fits the content. 


 

1. E


 

Reference:

 

Paragraph E 

 

The paper contrasts two groups of adults: those who, after eating, buried maximum levels of insulin...

 

Explanation

 

This paragraph discusses the results of a study evaluating the effectiveness of different diets on weight loss, specifically comparing low-fat and low-glycemic-load diets.

 

2. D

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph D 

According to a research of nearly 10,000 mother-child pairs…

 

Explanation

 

This paragraph provides an example of research involving maternal diabetes and its impact on children's obesity risk, highlighting the study of mother-child pairs.

 

3. C


Reference:

 

Paragraph C 

 

Members of the National Weight Control Registry (NWCR), a self-category of more than 5,000 triumphant weight-losers...

 

Explanation

This paragraph cites the National Weight Control Registry, showcasing individuals who have successfully maintained weight loss over time.

 

4. B

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph  B 

 

Fat dieters’ bodies go into a condition of craving, a feeling Rudolph Leibel...contrasts to thirst.

 

Explanation

 

This paragraph explains the concept of long-term hunger and how it is a significant challenge for those trying to maintain weight loss, likening it to chronic thirst.

 

5. G

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph G 

 

The gene comes out to be obligatory and enough to activate AD-36 related fat, and the goal is to use the analyst to create a type of fat vaccine.

 

Explanation

 

This paragraph discusses ongoing research into a gene associated with AD-36 related fat, suggesting a potential practical application in the form of a fat vaccine.

 

Read more about Dictation Words for IELTS: Practice and Preparation!

 

Questions and Answers 6-10
  • Look at the following researchers and the list of findings below. Match each researcher with the correct finding.
  • Write the correct letter in boxes 6-10 on your answer sheet.

 

 

List Of Researchers

(A)  Robert Berkowitz
(B) Rudolph Leibel 
(C) Nikhil Dhurandhar
(D) Deirdre Barrett 
(E) Jeffrey Friedman 
(F) Teresa Hillier
 

6. A person’s weight is predetermined to a set point by the DNA.
7. Pregnant mother who is overweight may risk their fetus
8. The aim of losing weight should be keeping healthy rather than attractiveness
9. mall changes in lifestyle will not have a great impact on reducing much weight
10. Researchers should be divided into different groups with their own point of view about weight loss.

 

 

Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Answers with Explanations (6-10)

 

Type of question: Matching Features

 

In the task of "Matching Features," you typically need to pair related items based on certain criteria. This could involve comparing characteristics, identifying connections, or linking items that complement each other. The specific approach will depend on the task's context. 


 

How to best answer the question

 

  • Start by identifying the key aspects of each item and then clearly demonstrate how they align or differ. 
  • Providing specific examples or evidence to support your comparisons can strengthen your answer. 
  • It's also essential to ensure that your response is organised and easy to follow, so consider using a structured format such as a table or a side-by-side comparison.


 

6. E


 

Reference:

 

Paragraph C 

 

It’s sufficient to pare your weight down to the low end of your set range, says Jeffrey Friedman, a geneticist at Rockefeller University.

 

Explanation

 

This line indicates that weight is influenced by genetic factors and there is a set range determined by DNA, which aligns with Jeffrey Friedman's findings.

 

7. F


 Reference:

 

Paragraph D 

 

Maternal diabetes may clout a child’s fat risk through an action called metabolic imprinting, says Teresa Hillier, an endocrinologist with Kaiser Permanente's Center for Health Research and the study’s lead author.

 

Explanation

 

Teresa Hillier's research highlights the risk to the fetus due to maternal conditions like diabetes, indicating a direct correlation between an overweight mother and fetal health risks.

 

8. E

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph C 

 

The goal shouldn’t be getting thin, but becoming healthy.

 

Explanation

 

Jeffrey Friedman emphasizes that the primary goal of weight loss should be health improvement rather than achieving a certain appearance.

 

9. d

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph C 

 

Radical changes are necessary,” a psychologist at Harvard Medical School and author of Wasteland. “People don’t reduce weight by selecting the small fries or taking a little walk twice a day,

 

Explanation

Deirdre Barrett asserts that minor lifestyle changes are insufficient for significant weight loss, advocating for more substantial changes.

 

10. A

 

Reference:

Paragraph A 

Everyone subscribes to their own little theory,” medical director of the Nucleus of weight and Eating Disorders at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.

 

Explanation

 

Robert Berkowitz's statement reflects the idea that different researchers have distinct theories and perspectives on weight loss, suggesting the need for diverse viewpoints.


 

Read more about A Guide on Most Common English Words Used in Daily Life!

Questions and Answers 11-14
  • Complete the summary below. Choose NO MORE THAN ONE WORD from the passage for each answer.
  • Write your answers in boxes 24-27 on your answer sheet.

 

In the Bombay Clinic, a young doctor who came up with the concept ‘infect obesity’ believed that obesity is caused by a kind of virus. Years of an experiment that he conducted on (11) ………………
Later he moved to America and tested on a new virus named (12) …………………..which proved to be a significant breakthrough.
Although there seems no way to eliminate the virus, a kind of (13) .…………….can be separated to block the expressing power of the virus. The doctor’s future is aiming at developing a new (14) …………………to effectively combat the virus.

 

Stealth Forces in Weight Loss Reading Answers with Explanations (11-14) 

 

Type of Question: Summary Completion

 

Summary completion questions provide a summary of part of the reading passage with several blanks. Your task is to fill in these blanks with appropriate words or phrases from the passage. The summary may cover a whole passage or a part of it, focusing on key points and main ideas.


How to best answer this question:

 

  • Quickly skim the passage to get an idea of its main ideas and structure.
  • Focus on keywords in the summary and look for them or their synonyms in the passage.
  • Carefully read the instructions to know the word limit and any specific guidelines.
  • Identify the part of the passage related to the summary. This often involves scanning for keywords or phrases.
  • Ensure the words you choose fit grammatically and contextually within the summary.
  • After filling in the blanks, review the summary to ensure it makes sense and adheres to the word limit.


 

11. Chickens


 

Reference:

Paragraph F 

 

In a test, Dhurandhar found that SMAM-1-infected chickens became fat on the same diet as aseptic ones, which stayed slender.


Explanation
This line confirms that Dhurandhar's experiments in Bombay were conducted on chickens to explore the concept of "infect obesity."

 

12. AD-36

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph G 

Afterwards he moved to the U.S. and onto an actual human virus, adenovirus 36 (AD-36).

 

Explanation

 

This line indicates that upon moving to America, Dhurandhar conducted his experiments on a new virus named AD-36.

 

13. Gene

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph G 

In his latest analysis, Dhurandhar has detached a gene that, when blocked from conveying itself, looks to extinguish the virus’s fatty power.

 

Explanation

 

The line shows that Dhurandhar identified a specific gene that can be targeted to block the virus's ability to induce obesity.

 

14. Vaccine

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph G 

 

The gene comes out to be obligatory and enough to activate AD-36 related fat, and the goal is to use the analyst to create a type of fat vaccine.

 

Explanation

 

This line reveals that Dhurandhar aims to develop a vaccine to combat the effects of the AD-36 virus.

 

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FAQs

Q. How is the IELTS Reading test structured?

Ans. The IELTS Reading test consists of three passages with a total of 40 questions. The passages can be from books, journals, magazines, and newspapers, covering various academic and general interest topics.

Q. How long is the IELTS Reading test?

Ans. The test lasts for 60 minutes, during which you must read all three passages and answer the associated questions. There is no extra time allotted for transferring answers to the answer sheet.


 

Q. What types of questions are in the IELTS Reading test?

Ans. The test includes various question types such as multiple choice, matching headings, True/False/Not Given, sentence completion, summary completion, and short answer questions.