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Endless Harvest Reading Answers: IELTS Reading Practice Test

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Updated on Jul 02, 2024, 11:57

In the IELTS Reading section, you'll face a 60-minute challenge comprising three passages, each followed by a series of questions in various formats such as multiple choice, matching headings, and True/False/Not Given. Your success here relies on your ability to grasp essential information, identify main ideas, and infer meaning from context.

 

To excel in the IELTS Reading section, employ effective reading techniques like skimming for main ideas and scanning for specific details. Regular practice with sample questions and exposure to different question types will hone your skills for test day.

 

Embark on an intriguing exploration of "Endless Harvest," a captivating journey delving into the dynamics of sustainable agriculture and food security. Uncover the intricate balance of ecological factors, technological innovations, and socioeconomic considerations that underpin the quest for a perpetually abundant harvest. Engage with thought-provoking passages and accompanying questions to deepen your comprehension of how sustainable farming practices can ensure a bountiful and enduring food supply.

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1. Endless Harvest Reading Passage

You should spend approximately 20 minutes answering Questions 1 - 13 based on the Reading Passage below. This approach can help manage time effectively during a reading comprehension activity or exam. 

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2. Endless Harvest Reading Question & Answers

Discover exciting and informative IELTS reading answers about Endless Harvest

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1.

Endless Harvest Reading Passage

General Information

  • Read Instructions: Understand each question before answering.
  • Manage Time: Spend about 20 minutes per passage.
  • Skim and Scan: Quickly get the main idea and find specific information.
  • Highlight Key Info: Underline essential words or phrases.
  • Answer All Questions: Attempt every question; no penalty for wrong answers.
  • Stay Focused: Avoid distractions and keep your attention on the task.
  • Check Spelling: Ensure correct spelling and grammar.
  • Transfer Answers Clearly: Write answers neatly on the answer sheet.
  • Don’t Dwell: Move on if stuck and return later.
  • Review: If time allows, review your answers.

 

 

 

 

Endless Harvest Reading Passage


 

Paragraph A 

Russian explorers and fur hunters arrived on the Aleutian Islands more than two hundred years ago, it is a volcanic archipelago in the North Pacific, and found a landmass that was farther to the north. This land mass Alyeska is referred to as the ‘Great Land’ by the native inhabitants of the island.  

 

Paragraph B

In 1959, Alaska joined the United States of America as a forty-ninth state, which is one-fifth the size of the mainland 48 states combined. It shared both the longest river system in North America and half the coastline of the United States with Canada. The rivers that exist in the Gulf of Alaska and North America are cold and nutrient rich. It supports millions of birds and about 400 species of fish, shellfish, molluscs and crustaceans. These advantages elevated Alaska's commercial fisheries into some of the largest in the world. 

 

Paragraph C

Based on the report of Alaska Department of Fish and Game, In 2000 Alaska’s commercial fisheries landed thousands of tonnes of herring and shellfish, and about million tonnes of groundfish. Salmon is considered to be the true cultural heart and soul of Alaska. The salmano enabled the native culture to flourish and helped to feed bears, eagles and other animals and the soil itself. Five species of Pacific salmon - chinook ; chum ; coho ; sockeye ; and pink, - spawn** in Alaskan waters and 90% Pacific salmon has commercial benefits in North America. If Alaska was an independent nation, then it would have become the largest producer of wild salmon in the world. 

 

Paragraph D

Catching salmon has not always been healthy. In 1953, Alaska was declared a federal disaster area because overfishing of salmon became severe between 1940 and 1949. When it achieved the status of statehood, the State of Alaska managed their own fisheries with the guidance of the state constitution. During that time, the harvest rate was about 25 million salmon. After a few decades, average catches have steadily increased as a consequence of sustainable management policy. During the 1990’s, annual harvests were about more than 100 million, and on some occasions it had raised over 200 million fish. 

 

Paragraph E

‘In-Season Abundance-Based Management’ is the fundamental reason for such an increase. There are biologists throughout the state consistently watching over the adult fish as they are spawning. They sit in streamside counting towers, studying sonar, watching from aeroplanes and talking to fishermen. The salmon season is not pre-set in Alaska. The fishermen know the approximate time of year when they will be permitted to fish, but one or more field biologists can put a halt to fishing in a particular area on any given day. Sport fishing can even be put to Halt. This management mechanism enabled Alaska salmon as well as Alaska salmon fisheries for better improvement. In the rest of the United States, salmon populations are increasingly threatened. 

 

Paragraph F

A review of the Alaska salmon fishery was commissioned by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) in 1999. In 1996, the Council was established to certify fisheries that meet high environmental standards, which allows them to use a label that recognises their environmental duty. Commercial fisheries can be judged with the criteria of MSC. After finding the potential benefits of being identified as environmentally responsible, fisheries requested the council to undergo the certification process. Then MSC sets up a certification committee, consisting of a panel of fisheries experts, gathers opinions and information from biologists, fishermen, government officials, fishermen, industry representatives, non-governmental organizations and others. 

 

Paragraph G

Some people who watch over the Alaska fisheries thought it would not have the chance to get certification. Salmon throughout western Alaska completely collapsed, when MSC led up to the final decision. Likely, the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers, chinook and chum rivers are the poorest since statehood. Subsistence communities throughout the region who mostly relied on commercial fishing were shattered. 

 

Paragraph H

It was a completely unexpected crisis, but still researchers believe it is not caused by the fisheries. Instead, they asserted it happened as a result of climatic shifts, which occurred by the cumulative effects of  the el niño/La Niña phenomenon on Pacific Ocean temperatures. Large numbers of salmon eggs were frozen because of the harsh winter. It will be the end, if we take the certification process into account. Nevertheless, the state took action quickly, shutting down all fisheries, even though it is for subsistence purposes.

 

Paragraph I

In September 2000, MSC declared that the Alaska salmon fisheries qualified for certification. Seven companies producing Alaska salmon got permission from MSC to put their logo on their products. Certification is given in the format of initial periods of five years, and annual review which ensures that the fisheries are consistent in following the required standards.

2.

Endless Harvest Reading Question & Answers

Discover exciting and informative IELTS reading answers about Endless Harvest

Questions and Answers 1-7
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?
In boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet, write

  • TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
  • FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
  • NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this in the passage

 

 

1. Russian explorers arrived on the Aleutian Islands less than two hundred years ago.

 

2. The rivers in the Gulf of Alaska and North America are cold and nutrient rich. 

 

3. Salmon is regarded as the true cultural heart and soul of the United States. 

 

4. Salmon has the ability to cure digestive problems. 

 

5. With the sustainable management policy, the average catching of salmon has steadily increased

 

6. The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) was established in 1996.

 

7. Being identified as environmentally responsible is not fruitful for fisheries. 

 

 

Endless Harvest Reading Answers with Explanations (1-7)

 

Question Type:  True/False/Not Given

 

In this task, you are presented with a statement, and your task is to determine if it agrees with the information in the passage (True), contradicts the information in the passage (False), or if there is insufficient information in the passage to decide (not given).

 

How to best answer the question:

 

  • Read the statement carefully to ensure you understand exactly what it is saying. 
  • Pay attention to details such as dates, numbers, and specific information.
  • Scan the passage to find the section where the relevant information is likely to be located. 
  • Focus on finding evidence that either supports or contradicts the statement.
  • True: If the statement agrees with the information in the passage.
  • False: If the statement contradicts the information in the passage.
  • Not Given: If there is no information in the passage that confirms or contradicts the statement.

 

 

1. False

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph A

Russian explorers and fur hunters arrived on the Aleutian Islands more than two hundred years ago, it is a volcanic archipelago in the North Pacific, and found a landmass that was farther to the north.

 

Explanation

The passage states that Russian explorers arrived on the Aleutian Islands more than two hundred years ago, indicating that they arrived more than two hundred years ago, not less.


 

2. True

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph B

The rivers that exist in the Gulf of Alaska and North America are cold and nutrient rich.

 

Explanation

The passage mentions that the rivers in the Gulf of Alaska and North America are cold and nutrient-rich, supporting millions of birds and numerous species of fish, shellfish, mollusks, and crustaceans.


 

3. False

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph C 

Salmon is considered to be the true cultural heart and soul of Alaska. 
 

Explanation

 The passage highlights that salmon is considered to be the true cultural heart and soul of Alaska, not the United States as a whole.


 

4. Not Given

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph 
NA
 

Explanation

The passage does not provide information about salmon's ability to cure digestive problems.


 

5. True

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph D 

After a few decades, average catches have steadily increased as a consequence of sustainable management policy.
 

Explanation

 The passage states that with the sustainable management policy, the average catching of salmon has steadily increased, indicating a rise in catches over time.


 

6. False

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph F

 A review of the Alaska salmon fishery was commissioned by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) in 1999.
 

Explanation

The passage mentions that the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) was established in 1996, not in 1999.


 

7. False

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph F 

Commercial fisheries can be judged with the criteria of MSC.
 

Explanation

The passage indicates that being identified as environmentally responsible is fruitful for fisheries, as it allows them to use a label that recognises their environmental duty, which is beneficial for their reputation and marketability.

Questions and Answers 8-13
  • Complete the notes below.
  • Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/ OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

 

 

Russian Explorers:

 

  • Russian explorers and fur hunters arrived on the Aleutian Islands over 8) __________ ago
  • The landmass 9) _____ is known as the 10) _______ by the native inhabitants of the island.  

 

Alaska

 

  • Alaska joined the United States of America as a 11) _______ state in 1959
  • It shared both the longest 12) ________ in North America and half the coastline of the United States with Canada
  •  In 2000 Alaska’s commercial fisheries landed thousands of tonnes of herring and shellfish and about million tonnes of 13) ______

 

 

Endless Harvest Reading Answers with Explanations (8-13)

 

Type of question: Note Completion

 

In note completion questions, you are required to fill in the gaps in notes or summaries using information from the reading passage. This task assesses your ability to find specific details within the passage and requires you to understand and identify the main points. 

 

How to best answer the question

 

  • Understand what specific information you need to fill in the blanks.
  • Quickly read through the passage to get a general understanding of its main ideas, key points, and the context surrounding the information you need to complete.
  • Pay attention to keywords or phrases in the notes provided. 
  • Once you've identified the keywords, scan the passage to locate the section that contains the information needed to complete the notes. 
  • Be prepared for the information in the passage to be paraphrased or expressed using synonyms. 
  • Ensure that the completed notes fit logically within the context of the passage. 


 

8. Two hundred years

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph A

Russian explorers and fur hunters arrived on the Aleutian Islands more than two hundred years ago
 

Explanation

The answer is directly stated in the passage, providing the timeframe for the arrival of Russian explorers.


 

9. Alyeska

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph A

This land mass Alyeska is referred to as the ‘Great Land’ by the native inhabitants of the island.

 

Explanation

 The passage explicitly mentions the name of the landmass, Alyeska, which is referred to as the 'Great Land' by the native inhabitants.


 

10. Great Land

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph A

This land mass Alyeska is referred to as the ‘Great Land’ by the native inhabitants of the island.
 

Explanation

The passage directly states that Alyeska is known as the 'Great Land' by the native inhabitants, providing the required information.


 

11. Forty-ninth

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph B

In 1959, Alaska joined the United States of America as a forty-ninth state...

 

Explanation
The passage specifies that Alaska became the forty-ninth state of the United States in 1959.


 

12. River system

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph B

It shared both the longest river system in North America and half the coastline of the United States with Canada.

 

Explanation

The passage mentions that Alaska shares the longest river system in North America, providing the information required.


 

13. Groundfish

 

Reference:

 

Paragraph C

In 2000 Alaska’s commercial fisheries landed thousands of tonnes of herring and shellfish, and about million tonnes of groundfish.

 

Explanation

The passage states that Alaska's commercial fisheries landed thousands of tonnes of herring, shellfish, and groundfish in 2000.

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FAQs

Q. Is it important to read quickly in the IELTS Reading test?

Ans. While swiftness holds significance, it's equally crucial to prioritise comprehension over sheer speed. Think of it as navigating a winding road; you want to move steadily, absorbing key landmarks, rather than careening past without understanding. Skim through passages to grasp overarching themes swiftly, but when it comes to answering questions, take a moment to delve deeper, akin to pausing at a crossroad to ensure you're on the right path.

Q. How can I improve my reading speed for the IELTS Reading test?

Ans. Enhancing your reading pace requires a blend of practice and strategy. Imagine it as honing a runner's agility; regular exercises under timed conditions serve as your training track. Allocate specific sessions for timed reading drills, gradually increasing the complexity of passages. Just as a runner gradually ramps up their speed during training, you'll find your reading pace accelerating with each practice session, boosting your confidence for the actual test day.

Q. Should I read the questions before reading the passage?

Ans. Employing a pre-reading question strategy can be akin to equipping yourself with a compass before embarking on a journey. Skimming through questions beforehand provides you with a mental map, guiding your focus as you navigate through the passage. Much like consulting a map to chart the most efficient route, scanning questions helps identify key landmarks or keywords, allowing for a more targeted approach when reading the passage.