Different Types of Engineering in 2024: Top Universities, Eligibility and Skills

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Have you ever wondered about the people behind the bridges we cross, the gadgets we use, and the buildings we admire? Engineers are the unsung heroes who make it all happen. In this blog, we’ll examine the different types of engineering and what makes each one special.

According to the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, the number of students studying engineering abroad has risen over the past few years. In 2019, approximately 1.3 million students were studying engineering abroad, a 5% increase from the previous year. Engineering students studying abroad are expected to increase in 2021 and beyond. 

Different types of engineering

1. Exposure to diverse cultures and perspectives: Studying engineering abroad allows you to immerse yourself in a new culture, meet people worldwide, and learn about different perspectives. 

2. Access to world-class facilities and technology: Many universities abroad have state-of-the-art facilities and cutting-edge technology to enhance your learning experience. 

3. Opportunities for research and innovation: Many universities abroad offer opportunities for research and innovation in engineering. 

4. Improved language skills: Studying engineering in a foreign country can be an excellent way to improve your language skills. 

5. Enhanced career prospects: Studying engineering abroad can increase your chances of securing a job after graduation. 

6. Personal growth and development: Studying engineering abroad can be a transformative experience that can help you grow as a person. 

Here’s a cool fact: According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, engineering jobs are expected to grow by 8% from 2020 to 2030. That means more engineers are needed to tackle exciting challenges and create amazing things.

As we dive into the details, we’ll uncover the different types of engineering and explore how each type impacts our daily lives.

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Different Types of Engineering in 2024: Top Universities, Eligibility and Skills
Top Countries to Pursue Engineering USA, UK, Canada and Singapore
Top Courses in EngineeringComputer Science and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Electrical Engineering
Civil Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Job Opportunities in EngineeringSoftware Engineer
Petroleum Engineer
Computer Hardware Engineer
Computer Engineer
Aviation Manager
Requirements to Pursue EngineeringPersonal statement or essay
Language Proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL
Average Annual Tuition FeeUndergraduate: 33L-74L
Post-graduate: 11L-66L
Doctorate: 14L-45L
Average Annual Salary 50L-1Cr

Different Types of Engineering: Top Courses

Engineering encompasses various branches, each specialising in distinct aspects of technology and industry. Problem-solving is a core aspect inherent in all engineering disciplines.

There are approximately six major branches of engineering, including marine engineering, mechanical engineering, and aeronautical engineering.

Some of the top engineering specialisations are mentioned below:

Name of the SpecialisationAverage Annual Tuition Fee in INR
Computer Science and Engineering16L-41L
Mechanical Engineering16L-41L
Electrical Engineering16L-41L
Solar Engineering8L-33L
Wind Energy Engineering8L-33L
Environmental Engineering 8L-41L
Marine Engineering10L-41L
Information Security15L-41L
Software Development10L-41L
Biomedical Engineering12L-41L
Civil Engineering8L-33L
Aerospace Engineering15L-41L
Chemical Engineering12L-41L
Electrical and Electronics Engineering12L-41L
Petroleum Engineering16L-41L
Telecommunication Engineering15L-41L
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence16L-41L
Robotics Engineering16L-41L
Biochemical Engineering10L-33L

Other engineering types often fall under or connect to one of these major branches, forming a comprehensive framework for technological innovation and systematic issue resolution.

Let’s look at different types of engineering closely:

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is a highly versatile branch responsible for designing, constructing, and maintaining mechanical systems, including machines, tools, and engines. This field requires a deep understanding and application of principles from physics, materials science, and mathematics.

Mechanical engineers can design various things like automobiles, aircraft, robots, medical devices, heating and cooling systems, and power generation equipment. They also contribute to initiatives to reduce environmental impact and enhance safety across different industries.


Average Annual Tuition Fee16L-41L
Job ProspectsMechanical Design Engineer
Manufacturing Engineer
Research and Development Engineer
Project Engineer
Quality Control Engineer
Average Annual Salary72L
Popular Countries USA
Top 5 Universities to PursueThe University of Melbourne
Technical University of Munich
University of Cambridge
University of Toronto
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Popular Course Name Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering
Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering 
PhD in Mechanical Engineering 
Robotics and Control Engineering 
Automotive Engineering 
Aerospace Engineering 
Materials Science and Engineering Mechatronics Engineering

You may opt for a more specialised engineering degree that aligns closely with mechanical engineering, and these are separate degrees from mechanical engineering, not specialisations within it, such as the following:

Aerospace engineering is a type of engineering that deals with things that fly in the air or go into space. As an aerospace engineer, you create and make aeroplanes, spacecraft, satellites, and other flying technologies. 

Marine Engineering is about creating and caring for ships. It ensures ships move well, stay safe, and follow environmental rules. People in this field work in shipbuilding, navy, and offshore industries.

Automotive Engineering deals with making cars better, safer, and more eco-friendly. Engineers in this field work to improve car design and production aspects.

Also Read:
Aeronautical Engineering Salary in the US in 2024
Aerospace Engineering Salary In The USA 2024
Study Aerospace Engineering in Canada

Electrical Engineering 

As its name implies, electrical engineering focuses on exploring and applying electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. It is a significant branch within the field of engineering. The domain involves generating and distributing power and using it to control machines and devices.

This discipline is pivotal in providing power to residences, advancing electronic devices, and guaranteeing the effectiveness of diverse electrical systems employed in industrial settings and daily routines.

Electrical engineers leverage their expertise to pioneer advancements and refine electrical energy and information processing technologies.


Average Annual Tuition Fee16L-41L
Job ProspectsPower Engineer 
Control Systems Engineer 
Electronics Engineer 
Telecommunications Engineer
Average Annual Salary63L
Popular CountriesUSA
The UK
Top 5 Universities The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Stanford University
The University of California, Berkeley
The California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
The University of Cambridge
Popular Course NameBachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
PhD in Electrical Engineering
Power Systems Engineering
Control Systems Engineering
Telecommunications Engineering
Computer Engineering

You may opt for a more specialised engineering degree that aligns closely with Electrical engineering, and these are separate degrees from Electrical engineering, not specialisations within it, such as the following:

Telecommunication Engineering involves designing, testing, and maintaining communication systems and networks.

Computer (Hardware) Engineering involves designing, developing, and testing computer hardware components such as processors, memory devices, and circuit boards.

Civil Engineering 

Civil engineering primarily centres on the construction of infrastructure, such as bridges, roads, and buildings, as well as the design aspects within our society. Civil engineers guarantee that structures are secure, efficient, and sustainable.

This field involves applying principles derived from physics, mathematics, and materials science to formulate and supervise projects that contribute to the overall welfare of communities.

Civil engineers are indispensable in shaping the physical environment and addressing the intricate challenges associated with urbanisation and infrastructure development.

Their expertise is pivotal in creating a built environment that is functional and aligned with safety standards, efficiency, and long-term sustainability.


Average Tuition Fee8L-40L
Job ProspectsWater Resource Engineer
Environmental Engineer
Geotechnical Engineer
Transportation Engineer
Average Salary41L-1Cr
Popular CountriesUSA
the United Kingdom
Germany, UAE
Top 5 UniversitiesMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Stanford University
University of Cambridge
University of California – Berkeley
Imperial College London 
Popular CoursesBachelor of Science in Civil Engineering
Master of Science in Civil Engineering
PhD in Civil Engineering
Structural Engineering
Environmental Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering. 

You may opt for a more specialised engineering degree that aligns closely with Civil engineering, and these are separate degrees from Civil engineering, not specialisations within it, such as the following:

Structural Engineering involves designing and analysing structures that support or resist loads. 

Environmental Engineering focuses on applying science and engineering principles to improve the natural environment.

Transportation Engineering deals with planning, designing, constructing, and maintaining transportation infrastructure, including roads, bridges, and public transportation systems.

Also Read:
5 Best Countries For Masters In Civil Engineering Abroad 
Top 8 Colleges For Masters In Civil Engineering In Canada
Masters In Civil Engineering In UK

Chemical Engineering 

Chemical engineering is all about using chemicals to create useful things. It’s a type of engineering that turns raw materials into useful products, such as medicines, plastics, and fuels.

Chemical engineers use their chemistry, physics, and math knowledge to design and operate the equipment and processes involved in making these products. They also ensure these processes are safe, efficient, and environmentally friendly. 


Average Annual Tuition Fee16L-41L
Job ProspectsProcess Engineer
Product Development Engineer
Research Engineer
Quality Control Engineer
Average Annual Salary41L-82L
Popular CountriesUnited States
The United Kingdom
Top 5 UniversitiesMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Stanford University
University of California – Berkeley
University of Cambridge
Imperial College London 
Popular CoursesBachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering
Master of Science in Chemical Engineering
PhD in Chemical Engineering
Process Engineering
Materials Engineering
Biochemical Engineering

You may opt for a more specialised engineering degree that aligns closely with Chemical engineering, and these are separate degrees from Chemical engineering, not specialisations within it, such as the following:

Pharmaceutical Engineering involves designing and developing pharmaceutical products and processes. It combines chemical engineering, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical sciences principles to create safe and effective medicines.

Biochemical Engineering applies engineering principles to biology and biochemistry. It involves designing and developing processes for producing biological products, such as medicines and vaccines and optimising existing bioprocesses. 

Textile Engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the design and development of textile products and processes. It includes the application of principles of physics, chemistry, and engineering to create textiles with desired properties, such as strength, durability, and colourfastness.

Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering is a type of engineering that concentrates on making systems and processes better in different industries. Industrial engineers aim to make things work more efficiently, reduce waste, and boost productivity in manufacturing and services.

They focus on aspects such as managing the supply chain, ensuring quality, planning production, designing facilities, and optimising resources.

Industrial engineers often collaborate with experts from various fields to reach the organisation’s overall goals, using a comprehensive and integrated approach to solve problems.


Average Annual Tuition Fee17L-35L
Job ProspectsManufacturing Engineer 
Quality Engineer
Process Engineer 
Operations Manager 
Supply Chain Manager
Data Analyst
Average Annual Salary60L
Popular Countriesthe United States
the United Kingdom
Top 5 UniversitiesMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Georgia Institute of Technology
Stanford University
University of California – Berkeley
University of Michigan – Ann Arbor
Popular CoursesBachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering
Master of Science in Industrial Engineering
PhD in Industrial Engineering
Operations Research
Supply Chain Management
Quality Control and Management 

You may opt for a more specialised engineering degree that aligns closely with Industrial engineering, and these are separate degrees from Industrial engineering, not specialisations within it, such as the following:

Systems engineering involves designing, analysing, and managing complex systems to meet specific requirements and optimise performance. 

Supply Chain engineering focuses on managing the flow of goods and services from suppliers to customers, ensuring timely delivery, and minimising costs.

Manufacturing engineering involves optimising the processes and workflows in producing goods, improving quality, and reducing waste.

Software Engineering

Software engineering is a field of engineering that involves creating and maintaining software systems. Software engineers use their computer science, software design, and math knowledge to build software that meets the needs of businesses and individuals.

Software engineers work on projects such as mobile apps, websites, and video games. They ensure that their software is secure, reliable, and efficient.


Average Annual Tuition Fee8L-41L
Job ProspectsSoftware Developer
Web Developer
Mobile App Developer
Quality Assurance Engineer
Software Architect
Average Annual Salary74L-85L
Popular Countriesthe United States
the United Kingdom
Top 5 UniversitiesMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Stanford University
Carnegie Mellon University
University of California – Berkeley
University of Oxford
Popular CoursesBachelor of Science in Software Engineering
Master of Science in Software Engineering
PhD in Software Engineering
Computer Science
Artificial Intelligence

Different types of Engineering jobs in 2024

In engineering, the best job can depend on what you like. But generally, a good job has many chances to grow, get promoted, and have a bright future. It should also pay well and allow you to balance work and life. Jobs like software, marine, industrial, and materials engineers often have higher salaries. 

The duties and the average salary of the different types of engineering jobs are given below:

Job TitleAverage Annual Salary in INRJob Growth Rate
Chemical engineer87L4%
Computer engineer1Cr10%
Biomedical engineer80L5%
Petroleum engineer1 Cr3%
Mechanical engineer78L4%
Electrical engineer83L3%
Civil engineer72L2%
Aeronautical engineer77L3%
Nuclear engineer99L1%
Environmental engineer80L8%
Computer Hardware Engineer1 Cr2%
Industrial Engineer78L8%
Software engineer1 Cr10%
Marine engineer77L1%

Now, let’s explore each role and responsibility of different types of engineering:

  • 1. Chemical Engineer:
    • Role: Design processes to turn raw materials into useful products.
    • Responsibilities: Ensure safe and efficient production, solve problems in manufacturing, and improve processes.
  • 2. Computer Engineer:
    • Role: Works on computer hardware and software to ensure they run well.
    • Responsibilities: Design and test computer systems, develop software, and solve technical issues.
  • 3. Biomedical Engineer:
    • Role: Combines engineering principles with medical sciences for healthcare solutions.
    • Responsibilities: Develop medical devices, design healthcare systems, and improve medical technologies.
  • 4. Petroleum Engineer:
    • Role: Focuses on extracting oil and gas from the earth.
    • Responsibilities: Design drilling methods, optimise production, and ensure efficient resource extraction.
  • 5. Mechanical Engineer:
    • Role: Deals with mechanical systems and devices.
    • Responsibilities: Design machines, solve mechanical problems, and improve manufacturing processes.
  • 6. Electrical Engineer:
    • Role: Works on electrical systems and devices.
    • Responsibilities: Design electrical circuits, develop electronic devices, and ensure smooth power distribution.
  • 7. Civil Engineer:
    • Role: Designs and oversees construction projects.
    • Responsibilities: Plan and supervise the building of structures like bridges, buildings, and roads.
  • 8. Aeronautical Engineer:
    • Role: Designs and tests aircraft and spacecraft.
    • Responsibilities: Ensure the safety and efficiency of flight, design components, and solve engineering challenges.
  • 9. Nuclear Engineer:
    • Role: Focuses on applications of nuclear energy.
    • Responsibilities: Work on nuclear power plants, medical uses of radiation, and ensure safety in nuclear processes.
  • 10. Environmental Engineer:
    • Role: Addresses environmental issues using engineering solutions.
    • Responsibilities: Develop and implement solutions for pollution control, waste management, and sustainable practices.
  • 11. Computer Hardware Engineer:
    • Role: Designs and develops computer hardware components.
    • Responsibilities: Create and test computer parts like processors and memory.
  • 12. Industrial Engineer:
    • Role: Improves efficiency in production and business processes.
    • Responsibilities: Analyse workflows, suggest improvements, and optimise resource utilisation.
  • 13. Software Engineer:
    • Role: Develops and maintains software applications.
    • Responsibilities: Code, test, and troubleshoot software and collaborate on creating computer programs.
  • 14. Marine Engineer:
    • Role: Deals with the design and maintenance of ships and maritime structures.
    • Responsibilities: Ensure the smooth operation of marine systems, design ship components, and oversee repairs.

Also Read: Computer Science vs Computer Engineering

Top Recruiters for Different Types of Engineering Jobs

1. Google: Known for its technology and innovation, Google hires engineers for various positions, including software engineering, hardware engineering, and mechanical engineering.

2. Boeing: As a leading aerospace company, Boeing offers opportunities for aerospace engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, and software engineers.

3. Siemens: Siemens is a global engineering and technology company that hires engineers for roles in energy, healthcare, infrastructure, and industry.

4. Apple: Apple recruits engineers for hardware and software development roles, including positions in product design, electrical engineering, and software engineering.

5. Shell: Shell is a multinational oil and gas company that offers opportunities for petroleum engineers, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and civil engineers.

6. Tesla: Tesla, known for its electric vehicles and renewable energy solutions, hires engineers for roles in automotive engineering, battery technology, and sustainable energy.

7. Amazon: Amazon hires engineers for positions in software development, cloud computing, robotics, and logistics, among others.

8. ExxonMobil: ExxonMobil is another major player in the oil and gas industry, offering opportunities for engineers in petroleum engineering, chemical engineering, and mechanical engineering.

9. Microsoft: Microsoft recruits engineers for roles in software development, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and hardware engineering.

10. General Electric (GE): GE is a diversified technology and manufacturing company that hires engineers for positions in aviation, healthcare, renewable energy, and industrial applications.

These are just a few examples of top recruiters for engineering jobs abroad. Depending on your specialisation and career goals, many other companies around the world offer exciting opportunities for engineers.

Also Read: Computer Science vs Computer Engineering

Different Types of Engineering: Top 5 Universities

Now that you know about the different types of engineering, it’s time to consider where to study. There are many universities worldwide that offer engineering courses. Some of the top are the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and Stanford University.

Many universities offer engineering courses online and through distance learning in addition to traditional on-campus programs. When deciding where to apply, it’s important to research and compare universities based on factors such as the engineering programs’ reputation, the faculty’s expertise, research opportunities, campus facilities, and student support services.

Mentioned below are some of the top universities for pursuing different types of engineering:

Name of the UniversityCountryAverage Annual Tuition Fee in INR
Harvard UniversityUSA45L
Stanford UniversityUSA35L
Massachusetts Institue of TechnologyUSA47L
University of OxfordUK40L
National University of SingaporeSingapore40L

Eligibility Criteria & Documents Required in Different Types of Universities

Eligibility CriteriaYou need to have completed secondary education or an equivalent, and many universities require a high school diploma focusing on science and mathematicsYou generally need to have completed a relevant bachelor’s degree in engineering or a closely related field
Proficiency in the language of instruction (usually English) is often required, and you might need to take standardised tests like the TOEFL or IELTSMany universities set a minimum GPA requirement for admission into master’s programs
Some countries may require you to take standardised entrance exams like the SAT (for the USA) or other country-specific examsLike in bachelor’s programs, language proficiency in the language of instruction is necessary. You may also need to take tests like the TOEFL or IELTS

The documents required to pursue bachelor’s and master’s degrees in engineering abroad generally share some common elements, but there are differences based on the level of study.

Documents RequiredProof of completion of secondary education.Proof of completion of undergraduate studies.
Some countries or universities may require SAT or ACT scores for bachelor’s admissions.Some master’s programs may require or prefer relevant work experience.
Research proposals are not required during the admission process.Research proposals are often required for research-based master’s programs.

Key skills required in different types of engineering

All engineers, regardless of their specific field, should have certain skills to be successful. Here are some important ones:

  • Analytical skills:
    • Engineers need to be good at understanding complex problems and finding practical solutions.
  • Creativity:
    • Thinking creatively is crucial for engineers to develop new ideas and designs.
  • Attention to detail:
    • Engineers must be careful and exact in their work to make sure designs are accurate and safe.
  • Communication skills:
    • Engineers should be able to explain their designs and ideas clearly to other engineers, clients, and stakeholders.
  • Project management:
    • Engineers need to be able to handle projects well, which includes setting timelines, managing budgets, and tracking progress.
  • Technical skills:
    • Engineers should be skilled in the technical aspects of their field, including using the necessary software and tools.
  • Teamwork:
    • Many engineering projects involve working with other professionals, so engineers must be good at collaborating in a team.

These skills are important for engineering success, and employers highly value engineers who possess them.

Summing Up

The world of engineering has many exciting possibilities. Each type of engineering offers special chances to come up with new ideas and solve problems. Whether you like building bridges, creating computer programs, or finding ways to use energy wisely, there’s an engineering field that fits your interests.

As we deal with new challenges and explore new areas, engineers will be super important in deciding how our world will be. So, if you enjoy science and technology and want to make a positive impact, think about a career in engineering. You could be one of the amazing people quietly working to improve our world, one smart idea at a time.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What are the main types of engineering?

A. The main types of engineering are:
1. Civil Engineering: Involves the design and construction of infrastructure such as roads, buildings, bridges, and water supply systems. 
2. Chemical Engineering: Focuses on the design and operation of chemical processes used to produce materials and energy. 
3. Electrical Engineering: Deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism in designing and developing electrical systems and devices. 
4. Mechanical Engineering: Involves the design, development, and maintenance of mechanical systems used in various industries, including manufacturing, transportation, and energy. 
5. Aerospace Engineering: Concerned with the design and development of aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles.
6. Aeronautical Engineering: Specialises in designing and developing aircraft and related systems, including propulsion and aerodynamics.

Q. Which engineering has the highest salary?

A. The salary in engineering varies, but traditionally, some fields offer higher incomes. For instance, specialities like petroleum engineering, computer science, and electrical engineering often command higher salaries due to industry demand and the complexity of the work involved. However, individual circumstances and locations play a significant role in determining actual earnings.

Q. What are the different types of engineering jobs?

A. The different types of engineering jobs are:
1. Civil engineer
2. Mechanical engineer
3. Electrical engineer
4. Chemical engineer
5. Aerospace engineer
6. Computer engineer
7. Biomedical engineer.

Q. What are the different types of engineering courses available for international students abroad?

A. Engineering is a diverse field with various branches, offering unique opportunities. Civil engineering involves infrastructure, and mechanical engineering focuses on machinery, electrical engineering deals with electronics, chemical engineering covers chemical processes, and computer science/engineering revolves around software and hardware. Aerospace and biomedical engineering are also prominent branches, making the field dynamic and expansive for international students.

Q. What do the different types of engineers do?

A. Engineers play diverse roles across various disciplines. Civil engineers design and manage construction projects, while mechanical engineers focus on machinery and systems. Electrical engineers work on electrical devices, and chemical engineers oversee chemical processes. Computer engineers develop and enhance computer systems. Aerospace engineers specialize in aircraft and spacecraft design, and biomedical engineers combine engineering with healthcare.

Q. Which engineer is most in demand?

A. The demand for engineers varies across different specialities and industries. Software, civil, mechanical, and electrical engineers were among the most in-demand. However, trends can change, and it’s essential to consider current factors such as technological advancements, industry needs, and global events. Checking recent job market reports or consulting with career advisors can provide up-to-date information on the most in-demand engineering fields.

Q. Which country is best to pursue an engineering degree?

A. The best country to pursue an engineering degree depends on various factors, including personal preferences, career goals, and the reputation of universities. However, countries like the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia are often considered among the best for engineering education due to their renowned institutions, cutting-edge research opportunities, and strong emphasis on innovation in the field.

Q. How are different types of engineering unique from each other?

A. Different types of engineering are unique from each other based on their focus areas and applications. Civil engineering deals with infrastructure and construction, electrical engineering involves electrical systems, and mechanical engineering focuses on machinery and devices. Chemical engineering works with chemical processes, while aerospace engineering deals with aircraft and spacecraft. Each type has specialized knowledge and skills, making them distinct in their applications and contributions to various industries.

Q. Are there common skills required for different types of engineering?

A. Yes, there are common skills required for different types of engineering. Analytical skills, creativity, attention to detail, communication skills, project management abilities, strong technical skills, and teamwork are essential across various engineering disciplines. These skills contribute to success in problem-solving, innovation, and effective collaboration within the diverse engineering field.

Q. Can I switch between different types of engineering during my career?

A. Yes, transitioning between different types of engineering is possible during your career. Many engineers switch specialities or pursue interdisciplinary roles to explore diverse aspects of the field. Continuous learning and skill development play crucial roles in making such transitions successful.

ls counsellor renu a
Renu A

With over a decade of expertise in the study abroad domain, Renu is a true visionary. Her unwavering commitment lies in guiding students to their dream universities and empowering them to conquer their academic goals.

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